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EU & US Vow To Work For Sustainable De-Escalation In The EastMed

EU & US Vow To Work For Sustainable De-Escalation In The EastMed

The EU and the USA are set to endorse a joint declaration during their Summit on Tuesday, June 15, in Brussels, describing the basic principles and understanding "towards a renewed transatlantic partnership", according to a draft text, tabled today at the COREPER obtained by CNA.

In the text the EU and the US endorse the aspiration "to vaccinate at least two thirds of the world’s population by the end of 2022" and "encourage more donors to make 2 billion vaccine doses available worldwide by late 2021." In the same text the two sides "reject authoritarianism in all its forms around the globe, resisting autocrats’ efforts to create an environment that protects their rule and serves their interests, while undermining liberal democracies."

In the text there is also a brief reference to Turkey, in which the two parties agree to "work hand-in-hand for sustainable de- escalation in the Eastern Mediterranean, where differences should be settled through dialogue in good faith and in accordance with international law of the sea. We aim for a cooperative and mutually beneficial relationship with a democratic Turkey."

According to the draft, "the United States and the European Union", who represent "780 million people who share democratic values and the largest economic relationship in the world", recognize "a chance and a responsibility to help people make a living and keep them safe, fight climate change, and stand up for democracy and human rights."

"We laid the foundations of the world economy and the rules-based international order after World War II based on openness, fair competition, transparency, and accountability. Some of the rules need an update: to protect our health, our climate and planet and to ensure democracy delivers and technology improves our lives", the agreed draft states.

Furthermore, the EU27 and the US say the following:

"We, the leaders of the European Union and the United States met today to renew our transatlantic partnership, set a Joint Transatlantic Agenda for the post-pandemic era, and commit to regular dialogue to take stock of progress.

Together, we intend to:

(i) end the COVID-19 pandemic, prepare for future global health challenges and drive forward a sustainable global recovery;

(ii) protect our planet and foster green growth;

(iii) strengthen trade, investment and technological cooperation; and

(iv) build a more democratic, peaceful and secure world.

 

We are committed to uphold the rules-based international order with the United Nations at its core, reinvigorate and reform multilateral institutions where needed, and cooperate with all those who share these objectives".

The EU and the US also commit to "continuing to support the COVAX Facility and encourage more donors to make 2 billion vaccine doses available worldwide by late 2021. We aspire to vaccinate at least two thirds of the world’s population by the end of 2022.”

In the chapter titled "build a more democratic, peaceful and secure world," the two parties state the following:

"Together, the EU and the United States are an anchor for democracy, peace, and security around the world, to peacefully resolve conflicts, uphold the rule of law and international law, and promote human rights for all, gender equity and equality, and the empowerment of women and girls, including by working together through multilateral institutions including the UN Human Rights Council. Together we will address humanitarian needs and stand up for international humanitarian law as well as expand the resource base for humanitarian action. We reject authoritarianism in all its forms around the globe, resisting autocrats’ efforts to create an environment that protects their rule and serves their interests, while undermining liberal democracies."

"We stand united in our principled approach towards Russia and we are ready to respond decisively to its repeating pattern of negative behaviour and harmful activities, which Russia must address to prevent the further deterioration of relations including on the list of so-called unfriendly states. To coordinate our policies and actions we will establish an EU-US high-level dialogue on Russia. We condemn Russia’s continued actions to undermine Ukraine’s and Georgia`s sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence. We call on Russia to ensure foreign diplomatic missions in Russia can operate in a safe, secure and productive fashion. We urge Russia to stop its continuous crackdown on civil society, the opposition and independent media and release all political prisoners. At the same time, we keep channels of communication open and possibilities for selective cooperation in areas of common interest. We also commit to work together to address the urgent and escalating threat from criminal ransomware networks that pose risks to our citizens and companies".

Furthermore, the EU and US note that "we will continue to stand in support of the sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity of the EU’s Eastern partners and will support the reform path of Ukraine, Georgia, and the Republic of Moldova. We resolve to work towards long-term peace, resilience and stability in the South Caucasus. We stand with the people of Belarus and their demands for human rights and democracy; we resolve to hold the Lukashenka regime to account for its escalating attacks on fundamental freedoms and for endangering aviation safety through the unprecedented and unacceptable hijacking of an EU passenger airplane with the purpose of silencing opposition voices."

"We intend to further strengthen our joint engagement in the Western Balkans, including through the EU-facilitated dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina on normalisation of their relations, and by supporting key reforms for EU integration. We resolve to work hand-in-hand for sustainable de- escalation in the Eastern Mediterranean, where differences should be settled through dialogue in good faith and in accordance with international law of the sea. We aim for a cooperative and mutually beneficial relationship with a democratic Turkey", the EU and the US note.

"We plan to join efforts for a stable and secure Middle East and North Africa. The EU and the US welcome the ceasefire in the conflict in the Middle East and agree on the need for Israelis and Palestinians to enjoy equal measures of freedom, security, prosperity, and democracy on the basis of a two-state solution. We reaffirm our commitment to support Libya in its path towards peace, security and stability and to work with parties in Yemen to agree to the UN’s proposal for immediate ceasefire", they conclude.

 

Source: CNA

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